Discovering Peru and the Inca Civilization
Peru is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. It shares its border with Ecuador and Colombia on the north, on the east with Brazil, on the south with Chile, on the southeast with Bolivia and on the west with the Pacific Ocean. Peru was home to the largest Peru was home to the largest Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas, the Incas.
Peru has two official languages: Spanish and Quechua. Spanish is the most widely spoken language. Quechua is an indigenous language used by the Incas and currently spoken mostly along the Andes. Quechua and its thirty to forty dialects are spoken by almost 30% of the population. Many people of Indian descent speak both Spanish and Quechua. Aymara is not an official language but it is spoken widely in the department of Puno in the Altiplano or highlands. Forest tribes in the Amazon basin have their own languages.
Trekking the Andes
is without doubt the most popular trekking route in South America, but due to its popularity it does not offer a genuine wilderness experience. This trek involves walking from ruin to ruin with some breathtaking views. The offer a wealth of more isolated routes that are not as popular as the. The best time to enjoy climbing and trekking is from May to September during the dry season and because of the different altitudes along the Andes there are. All these treks require.
The Inca Empire built an advanced network of roads that crisscrossed the empire and connected each of the four corners of the Tawantinsuyu. It stretched from Quito, Ecuador in the north to south of Santiago in Chile. The Inca trail to Machu Picchu is a 43km segment of that magnificent network of which has become a popular hiking route in the last 30 years.
The Colca Canyon is located 160 km or about 100 miles northwest from; about 3 hours and 45 minutes by bus. It is an enjoyable ride where one can see pre-Inca agricultural terraces still being used by local farmers who practice the same lifestyle as their ancestors. Along the ride to the Canyon magnificent colonial Spanish churches and cities are still standing while farmers sell their products on the streets and roads. The canyon can be visited any time of the year but it is best during the dry
The Nazca Lines
The Nazca Lines are an exceptional collection of geoglyphs in the southern desert of Peru. There are about 300 figures among them including geometric shapes, animal like figures, straight continuous lines, humans and plants. The exceptionality of these geoglyphs rest in the fact that they can only be seen from the air.
The town of Puno is the capital of the department of Puno in Peru. It was founded on November 4, 1668 by the Spanish for its closeness to the colonial silver mine of Laykakota. Puno Peru is located at an altitude of 12,565 feet or 3,830 meters above sea level and has a population of 102,800. Puno is a small port city where the main industry is tourism, it offers a departure point to the many Inca and Pre-Inca ruins and toTraditional lifestyle inherited from the Incas.
Lake Titicaca, Peru is located in the department of Puno bordering Bolivia in the Andes Mountains. According to Inca religion it is where the first humans emerged to create the Inca Empire.